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Crime, Security and Justice Research Theme

The research in this theme has a strong international reputation for applying innovative and rigorous research designs to substantive problems in challenging areas of crime, criminal justice and social justice, and regulation. Criminological research in the School of Social Sciences is uniquely positioned due to a combination of the following:

  • Application of rigorous research designs that make use of new methodological and technological opportunities;
  • Engagement with ‘real world’ problems – from violence against women to transnational corruption and money-laundering - in order to inform practitioners and policy-makers at local, national and international levels.
  • A high level of research impact arising from excellent working relationships with governmental and other organisations engaged in the delivery of crime control and community safety;
  • Theoretical innovation promoting new  ways of understanding crime and responses to it;

The theme incorporates two research centres: the Universities Police Science Institute (UPSI) and the interdisciplinary Centre for Crime, Law and Justice (CCLJ). Between them, these Centres undertake a shared research programme that includes the following themes:

  • policing and the governance of security;
  • community cohesion and the prevention of violent extremism;
  • reassurance policing and police-community engagement;
  • community safety and crime prevention;
  • offending, offender management and identities;
  • corruption, eCrime, fraud and organised crime       
  • transnational crimes and their regulation;
  • domestic violence, ‘hate crimes’ and other crimes against vulnerable victims
  • the politics of crime control

A major strength within CSJ Theme is the internationally recognised reputation for research in policing, with a number of leading researchers and writers in this field based in SOCSI. This profile has been further strengthened by the establishment of the Universities Police Science Institute (UPSI) which has become renowned nationally and internationally for its innovative work on applied policing research. In particular, UPSI has an ambitious mission to enhance the research base evidence for policing in the local, national and international dimensions, drawing on the School’s outstanding record of achievement in the production of novel and rigorous research methodologies.

UPSI recently won the Cardiff University Innovation Network award for Social, Cultural or Policy Impact for research that prompted a major drug operation and changed policing. Watch a video of UPSI Director, Professor Martin Innes, talking about how the award was won. 

Get connected to UPSI! You can follow UPSI on Twitter, read publications on ISSUU, watch videos on their Vimeo channel and listen to audio clips on Soundcloud. 



Researchers in the Centre for Crime, Law and Justice (CCLJ) are also at the cutting edge of the interdisciplinary study of other areas of crime and its control.  In particular, the work of criminological scholars in CSJ has helped to shift the traditional focus of criminological theory and research beyond that of national criminal justice systems. Such work has explored global, national, regional and local influences on the shape and nature of crimes and their control in the ‘networked society’. 

Cardiff’s international profile in researching crime and justice is based on its sustained track record of research and publication. Since 2001, experts associated with this theme have received over £5 million in research grants from funding agencies including the ESRC, Home Office, Welsh Assembly Government, and European Commission. 20 full-time research students are attached to researchers in the Crime and Justice area. Staff working within the CSJ Theme have also made a key contribution to wider scholarship in this area by editing two of the leading international criminology journals, namely Criminology and Criminal Justice (until October 2010) and Policing and Society (ongoing).

Key Areas of Research Include:

  • Policing and the Governance of Security
  • Reassurance Policing and Community Engagement
  • Community cohesion and Radicalisation
  • Community Safety and Crime Prevention
  • Offending, Offender Management and Identities
  • Policy Responses to Domestic Violence and ‘Hate Crimes’
  • Transnational Crimes and their Regulation
  • Courts & Access to Justice
  • Comparative Criminal Justice Policy
  • Youth Justice & Family Law
  • Restorative Justice

Publications Include:

Edwards, A. and Sheptycki, J. (2009) ‘Third Wave Criminology: Guns, Crime and Social Order’, Criminology and Criminal Justice, 9/3: 379-397

Edwards, A. and Levi, M. (2008) ‘Researching the Organisation of Serious Crimes’, Criminology and Criminal Justice, 8/4: 363-388

Innes, M. (2010) “Criminal legacies: Community impact assessments and defining success and harm in police homicide investigations”, Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice.

Innes, M. and A. Clarke (2009) “Policing the past: cold case studies, forensic evidence and retroactive social control” British Journal of Sociology, 60/3: 543- 563.

Roberts, C. and M. Innes (2009) “The ‘Death’ of Dixon? Policing gun crime and the end of the generalist police constable in England and Wales’, Criminology and Criminal Justice, 9/3: 337-57.

Innes, M. (2006) “Policing uncertainty: countering terror through community intelligence and democratic policing”, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science (605) pp.222-41.

Levi, M (2008) The Phantom Capitalists, 2nd edition, Andover: Ashgate.

Levi, M (2007) ‘Money Laundering’, in M. Tonry (ed), Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, Vol.34: 289-375, Chicago: Chicago University Press (with P. Reuter).

Hudson, K, Raynor, P., Maguire, M. (2007) ‘Offender management in late modernity: The birth of a seamless sentence’, in Y. Jewkes (ed.) The Prison Handbook (Cullompton, Willan Publishing)

Hughes, G. and Goldson, B.  (2010) ‘Sociological Criminology and Comparative Youth Justice Policy: Analysis and Intervention’ Criminology and Criminal Justice, 10: 2. 

Hughes, G (2007) The Politics of Crime and Community, Basingstoke, MacMillan Palgrave.  See the book on

Jones, T., Robinson, A., Fevre, R. and Lewis, D. (2011) ‘Workplace Assaults in Britain: Understanding the influence of individual and workplace characteristics’. British Journal of Criminology  51(1): 159-178

Jones, T., van Steden, R. and Boutellier, H. (2009) ‘Pluralisation of policing in England & Wales and the Netherlands: Exploring similarity and difference’. Policing and Society 19(3)  

Jones, T and Newburn, T (2007) Policy Transfer and Criminal Justice: Exploring US influence over British crime control. Buckingham: Open University Press (with T. Newburn). See the book on

Maguire, M., Grubin, D., Losel, F. and Raynor, P. ‘What Works and the Correction Services Accreditation Panel: An Insider Perspective’  Criminology and Criminal Justice, 10(1): 37-58.

Maguire, M,  Morgan, R and Reiner, R (eds) (2007) The Oxford Handbook of Criminology, 4th edition, Oxford, Oxford University Press (Contributors from SOCSI include Jones, Levi and Maguire.).  See the book on

Lewis, S., Maguire, M., Raynor, P., Vanstone, M., Vennard, J. ‘What Works in Resettlement? Findings from Seven Pathfinders for Short-term Prisoners in England and Wales’  Criminology and Criminal Justice,  7 (1), 33-53. 

Robinson, A. and Maxwell, C. D. (2008). The challenge of responding effectively to violence against women in a global context. International Journal of Applied and Comparative Criminal Justice, 32(2): 133-147.

Robinson, A., Hudson, K. and Brookman, F. (2008) Multi-Agency Work on Sexual Violence: Challenges and Prospects Identified From the Implementation of A Sexual Assault Referral Centre (SARC) The Howard Journal 47 (4):  411–428

Robinson, A. L. (2007).  Improving the Civil-Criminal Interface for Victims of Domestic Violence.  Howard Journal of Criminal Justice.

Williams, M. (2009) ‘The Virtual Neighbourhood Watch: Netizens in Action’, in Yvonne Jewkes and Majid Yar (Eds.) Handbook of Internet Crime, Cullompton: Willan.

Williams, M. and Wall, D. (2007) ‘Policing diversity in the digital age: maintaining order in virtual communities’, Criminology and Criminal Justice, 7(4): 391-417.

Williams, M. (2007) ‘Policing & Cybersociety: The Maturation of Regulation within an Online Community’, Policing & Society, 7:1.

Members of staff working in the area of Crime, Security and Justice

Postgraduate Students working in the area of Crime, Security and Justice